Journal Club returns on January 26th at 12 pm Eastern / 5 pm UK with host Dr. Oliver Medvedik and special guests Drs. Irina and Michael Conboy. They recently demonstrated that a neutral blood exchange was able to spur rejuvenation in the brain and reduce inflammation. Additionally they compared this approach with a known senolytic agent and the results suggested that the rejuvenation is not due to the removal of senescent cells and their inflammatory secretions.
You can find the research paper here.
Our recent study has established that young blood factors are not causal, nor necessary, for the systemic rejuvenation of mammalian tissues. Instead, a procedure referred to as neutral blood exchange (NBE) that resets signaling milieu to a pro-regenerative state through dilution of old plasma, enhanced the health and repair of the muscle and liver, and promoted better hippocampal neurogenesis in 2-year-old mice (Mehdipour et al., Aging 12:8790–8819, 2020). Here we expand the rejuvenative phenotypes of NBE, focusing on the brain. Namely, our results demonstrate that old mice perform much better in novel object and novel texture (whisker discrimination) tests after a single NBE, which is accompanied by reduced neuroinflammation (less-activated CD68+ microglia). Evidence against attenuation/dilution of peripheral senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) as the main mechanism behind NBE was that the senolytic ABT 263 had limited effects on neuroinflammation and did not enhance hippocampal neurogenesis in the old mice. Interestingly, peripherally acting ABT 263 and NBE both diminished SA-βGal signal in the old brain, demonstrating that peripheral senescence propagates to the brain, but NBE was more robustly rejuvenative than ABT 263, suggesting that rejuvenation was not simply by reducing senescence. Explaining the mechanism of the positive effects of NBE on the brain, our comparative proteomics analysis demonstrated that dilution of old blood plasma yields an increase in the determinants of brain maintenance and repair in mice and in people. These findings confirm the paradigm of rejuvenation through dilution of age-elevated systemic factors and extrapolate it to brain health and function.
Mehdipour, M., Mehdipour, T., Skinner, C. M., Wong, N., Liu, C., Chen, C. C., … & Conboy, I. M. (2020). Plasma dilution improves cognition and attenuates neuroinflammation in old mice. GeroScience, 1-18.