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Tag: Neurodegenerative diseases

January 20, 2020
Scientists at Scripps Research have developed a new screening platform that has allowed them to identify a new set of compounds that appear to have a potent protective effect on the mitochondria of brain cells, helping these cells to defend against the kinds of stresses encountered during Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative conditions. Improved screening...
November 22, 2019
A recent study published in Cell Stem Cell shows that fasting and metformin are effective in a mouse model of demyelination, which is caused in humans by such disorders as multiple sclerosis. Myelin, demyelination, and remyelination Myelin, a substance rich in beneficial proteins and fats, is an insulator and protector of nerve cells and helps...
August 27, 2019
In a recent study, a team from the Neurobiota Research Center in Korea has discovered that reducing gut dysbiosis partially alleviates the cognitive impairment associated with Alzheimer's disease. This may seem puzzling, as the gut and the brain are separate and relatively distant organs, but this research makes sense in the context of chronic inflammation....
July 19, 2019
In a recent study, a group of researchers from Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Feinberg School of Medicine, and Tel Aviv University examined astrocytes in mice and found that these cells exhibited a senescent phenotype that led to neurodegeneration and neurotoxicity [1]. Age-dependent increase in senescent astrocytes adjacent to Aβ plaques Cellular senescence, discovered in 1961...
June 04, 2019
A group of Spanish researchers, including Dr. Maria Blasco and others at the CNIO, have published a new study that examines the consequences of short telomeres and telomerase deficiency on the brain [1]. This study addresses an aspect of telomere attrition, one of the primary hallmarks of aging. Telomeres are repeating sequences of DNA (TTAGGG)...
April 09, 2019
A team of Stanford researchers led by Professor Wyss-Coray set out to find out which genes were linked to age-related cognitive decline. Not only did the researchers find the culprit, they were able to reverse cognitive decline and rejuvenate aged mouse brains. Searching for the cause of cognitive decline Microglia are immune cells that reside...