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Rejuvenation Roundup May 2021

This month, we at Lifespan.io have a campaign, a conference, and plenty of news to announce.

Rejuvenation Roundup MayRejuvenation Roundup May
 

Another month passes, and more progress is made! As we kick off the beginning of summer, we have plenty of news to report regarding our upcoming conference and current campaign along with business news and the latest in rejuvenation research.

LEAF News

The #1 conference for rejuvenation and life extension.Summer is approaching, and we are happy to announce the fourth Ending Age-Related Diseases conference! On August 19-22, we will be meeting virtually to hear the latest developments from the leading experts in rejuvenation biotechnology research. During this four-day conference, you can exchange ideas with the best research teams working on the problem of aging, find new business partners, and spend time with like-minded people! Register today to take advantage of the Early Bird offer.

We thank our Platinum Sponsor NOVOS for fostering this scientific discussion on aging and rejuvenation!

Novos company logo

PEARL Rapamycin CampaignWe have accomplished all the principal crowdfunding goals of the Participatory Evaluation (of) Aging (with) Rapamycin (for) Longevity Study, or PEARL, on Lifespan.io. The PEARL trial will be the first large-scale human trial with a focus on slowing down aging. Help us reach our stretch goals to make this campaign an even bigger success!

The PEARL team has also created an Ask Me Anything (AMA) thread on Reddit, where they answer users’ questions about this upcoming project.

Journal Club

Aging Begins After a Rejuvenation Event in Early Life: This month, we have one of the authors, Dr. Vadim Gladyshev, joining us, and he will be talking us through new research showing that aging does not begin as early as we thought in humans; instead, it follows a “rejuvenation event” during embryogenesis.

LifeXtenShow

x10 19 Billion PeopleLifeXtenShow – Is This Where We’re Headed?: Nicola further elaborates on overpopulation, describing multiple UN population projections over the next eighty years and describing what might happen in a world with rejuvenation.

LifeXtenShow – Women’s Emancipation and Overpopulation: Nicola describes how the best way to go about averting the overpopulation issue may be to make sure that women’s emancipation and child welfare get the attention they deserve.

Lifespan News

Lifespan News NMNLifespan News – NMN Human Trial: The effectiveness of NMN on prediabetic patients, the accomplishments of BioAge in 2021, an FDA-approved drug as a treatment for dry AMD, a negligibly senescent fish, and how the Chinese practice of qigong attenuates age-related cognitive decline.

Lifespan News – Rapamycin for Hearing Loss: Rapamycin to treat hearing loss in a mouse model, vibration to reduce senescent cell burden in rats, a drug that has shown scar-free healing in a mouse model, the scent of food affecting caloric restriction in nematodes, and Kizoo Technology’s €300 million investment in rejuvenation biotechnology.

Vitalik Donates for LongevityLifespan News – Vitalik Donates for Longevity: Crypto-billionaire Vitalik Buterin donated to longevity research, Lifespan.io launched a new campaign to test rapamycin in humans, people aged 105 and older seem to have better DNA repair mechanisms than others, and a new gene therapy improves the brains of mice with Alzheimer’s.

Lifespan News – Sleep for Longevity: High-quality sleep benefits longevity and brain health, NR rejuvenates blood stem cells in mice, and fasting during Ramadan alters the gut microbiome.

Science to Save the World

STSTW Autonomous VehiclesScience to Save the World – Autonomous Vehicles: Autonomous vehicles could reduce our society’s dependence on individually owned cars.

Science to Save the World – Society and Alien Life: We discuss what might happen to our society if we had proof of life on other planets.

Rejuvenation Roundup Podcast

Ryan O’Shea of Future Grind hosts this month’s podcast, showcasing the events and research discussed here.

Advocacy and Analysis

Snake oilerTwo Industries in One Field: The actual science involved in physical rejuvenation has nothing to do with the snake oilers that are endemic to the field, and there are multiple ways of figuring out which is which.

Developing a Science-Based Personal Longevity Strategy: Elena Milova advises people to perform careful self-monitoring when taking supplements and to use caution, patience, and self-discipline when devising a personal longevity strategy.

Elderly woman sleepingWhy Quality Sleep Should Be Part of Your Longevity Strategy: Quality sleep is one of the foundations of health, and a new study suggests that poor sleep quality is a major risk factor for developing Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.

Crypto and Rejuvenation With Vitalik Buterin, Aubrey de Grey: VitaDAO, the world’s first decentralized intellectual property collective, hosted a discussion and AMA featuring Dr. Aubrey de Grey and Vitalik Buterin.

The Hallmarks of aging are the nine proposed reasons we age.Move Beyond the Hallmarks, Urges New Paper: David Gems of University College London and João Pedro de Magalhães of the University of Liverpool argue that the hallmarks should not be taken as the final word in aging because they don’t have sufficient explanatory power.

What is Glucosamine? A Summary of Glucosamine: This common supplement is a polysaccharide that naturally occurs in cartilaginous joint tissues and is involved in protein and lipid synthesis.

Elderly Man on Pullup BarResilience as a New Measure of Biological Age: In a new paper published in Nature, a group of scientists led by Peter Fedichev explores human longevity through the concept of loss of resilience.

What is alpha-ketoglutarate? A Summary of AKG: Alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) has long been a popular sports supplement, but interest in this molecule has now reached the aging research field due to its central role in metabolism.

Research Roundup

A long-eared, long-tailed mouseRapamycin Reduces Age-Related Hearing Loss in Mice: Researchers have found that rapamycin supplementation attenuates but not reverses age-related hearing loss in mice, even if the treatment starts later in life.

Vibration Reduces Cellular Senescence in the Bones of Rats: A new study published in the journal Aging has examined the effects of vibration on cellular senescence and osteoporosis. Low-magnitude vibration has been shown to be beneficial for bone growth.

Bigmouth Buffalo FishNo Sign of Aging in Long-Lived Bigmouth Buffalo Fish: Extremely long-lived bigmouth buffalo fish show no signs of a physiological decline with age, according to a new study.

People Living 105+ Years Appear to Repair DNA Better: A new study has shown that people who live for over 105 years typically have a genetic makeup that allows better repair of DNA damage.

Dividing cellsHarnessing the Unaging Germline: A team of researchers, including Michael West of AgeX Therapeutics, has authored a review paper that posits a fundamental difference between “immortal” germline cells and “mortal” somatic cells.

Gene Therapy Improves the Brains of Mice With Alzheimer’s: Scientists have successfully improved learning and memory, as well as neuronal morphology, in Alzheimer’s-prone mice with the help of a gene therapy that upregulates a vital protein.

Spinal degradationDHE Reduces Inflammation, Senescence in Intervertebral Discs: Recent research out of Frontiers in Pharmacology has shown that a natural herbal compound reduces senescence and intervertebral disc degeneration in mice.

Intermittent Fasting During Ramadan Alters Gut Bacteria: Intermittent fasting changes the composition of the gut microbiome, according to new research. An increase in Lachnospiraceae bacteria may explain some of the health benefits linked with dietary restriction.

Research mouseSIRT6 Linked to Slower Aging in Mice: A study published in Aging has shown that the sirtuin SIRT6 has positive effects on multiple hallmarks of aging in the hearts of mice.

Nicotinamide Riboside Rejuvenates Blood Stem Cells in Mice: Researchers have reversed the age-related decline in the function of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in older mice using nicotinamide riboside.

Respiratory tract infectionHuman Trials of mTOR Inhibitors for Immune Aging: A new study published in The Lancet shows the results of Phase 2a and Phase 3 clinical trials for the effectiveness of mTOR inhibition on bolstering the aging immune system against respiratory illnesses.

OSKM in Early Life Increases Lifespan in Mice: An article preprint published on bioRxiv shows that a single OSKM treatment in early life provides lifelong benefits in mice.

OverworkOverwork Linked to Heart Disease and Stroke: In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers have revealed that a considerable part of all deaths from ischemic heart disease and stroke worldwide is caused by working long hours.

Cytosolic dsDNA as a Marker of Senescence: Senescent cells are surprisingly hard to identify, but a recent publication in Tissue and Cell makes the case for using cytoplasmic DNA as a marker of senescence.

RNA strandLong Non-Coding RNAs as an Alternative to Senolytics: New research has identified a set of long noncoding RNAs involved in inflammaging and the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). These RNAs are conserved across a range of species, including humans.

Heavy Alcohol Use Linked to Greater Epigenetic Age in Women: A study funded by the National Institutes of Health has found that excessive alcohol consumption increases the epigenetic age of non-Hispanic White women according to the GrimAge epigenetic clock.

Distinct and additive effects of calorie restriction and rapamycin in aging skeletal muscle: This preprint shows that long-term CR and rapamycin-treated geriatric mice display distinct skeletal muscle gene expression profiles despite both conferring benefits to aging skeletal muscle.

Epigenetic predictors of maximum lifespan and other life history traits in mammals: In this preprint, methylation-based models accurately predict maximum lifespan using cytosine methylation patterns collected from over 12,000 samples derived from 192 mammalian species.

Rapamycin activates mitophagy and alleviates cognitive and synaptic plasticity deficits in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease: Rapamycin enhances learning and memory viability, synaptic plasticity, and the expression of synapse related proteins in APP/PS1 mice.

An aged immune system drives senescence and ageing of solid organs: An aged, senescent immune system has a causal role in driving systemic aging and therefore represents a key therapeutic target to extend healthy aging.

Restoration of energy homeostasis by SIRT6 extends healthy lifespan: SIRT6 optimizes energy homeostasis in old age to delay frailty and preserve healthy aging.

Safety and tolerability of chronic intranasal oxytocin in older men: results from a randomized controlled trial: Chronic intranasal oxytocin appears safe and well-tolerated in generally healthy older men. These findings provide support for continued human research on potential benefits of chronic oxytocin in older adult populations.

Intranasal Oxytocin Improves Lean Muscle Mass and Lowers LDL Cholesterol in Older Adults with Sarcopenic Obesity: This proof-of-concept study indicates that oxytocin may be useful for the treatment of sarcopenic obesity in older adults.

Invariant natural killer T cells coordinate removal of senescent cells: These results uncover a senolytic capacity of tissue-resident iNKT cells and pave the way for anti-senescence therapies that target these cells and their mechanism of activation.

KDM4 orchestrates epigenomic remodeling of senescent cells and potentiates the senescence-associated secretory phenotype: KDM4 targeting presents a new therapeutic avenue to manipulate cellular senescence and limit its contribution to age-related pathologies, including cancer.

In vivo partial reprogramming of myofibers promotes muscle regeneration by remodeling the stem cell niche: Expressing OSKM in myofibers regulates the expression of genes important for the stem cell microenvironment.

Clonal hematopoiesis associated with epigenetic aging and clinical outcomes: The combination of epigenetic aging and a common precursor state for blood cancer may be used to identify a population at high risk for adverse outcomes.

Taxonomic signatures of cause-specific mortality risk in human gut microbiome: This study helps to establish the basis for examining long-term associations between human gut microbiome composition, incident outcomes, and general health status.

Generation of somatic mitochondrial DNA-replaced cells for mitochondrial dysfunction treatment: Mitochondrial DNA-replaced cells could be a resource for transplantation to treat maternal inherited mitochondrial diseases.

Induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells deliver exogenous miR-105-5p via small extracellular vesicles: These findings indicate that these induced pluripotent cells are a promising candidate for obtaining small extracellular vesicles on a large scale.

Spermidine inhibits vascular calcification in chronic kidney disease through modulation of SIRT1 signaling pathway: This may pave the way to a promising therapeutic treatment to ameliorate vascular calcification in CKD.

Time-restricted eating and concurrent exercise training reduces fat mass and increases lean mass in overweight and obese adults: This study supports the use of time-restricted eating and concurrent exercise training as a short-term dietary strategy.

Joint association between accelerometry-measured physical activity, sedentary behavior and all-cause mortality: The strongest association is with time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity, but it is modified by the balance of time spent in light physical activity relative to sedentary behavior.

Light-Intensity Physical Activity and Life Expectancy: National Health and Nutrition Survey: Physical activity promotion efforts may capitalize on emerging evidence on light-intensity physical activity, particularly among the most inactive groups.

Extreme lifespan extension in tapeworm-infected ant workers: This study demonstrates an extreme lifespan extension in a social host following tapeworm infection, which appears to enable host workers to retain traits typical for young workers.

News Nuggets

EyeAdverum Biotechnologies Explains Phase 2 Trial of ADVM-022: After a patient lost vision in an eye treated with ADVM-022, Adverum Biotechnologies has unveiled the details of its Phase 2 trial of this gene therapy for diabetic macular edema.

Kizoo Technology Pledges €300 Million to Rejuvenation: Michael Greve, founder of Forever Healthy and Kizoo, has committed over $360 million to support the development of rejuvenation biotechnology startups.

Deep LongevityDeep Longevity Partners With LifeHub & LifeClinic: Deep Longevity has added LifeHub and LifeClinic to its network of longevity-focused companies. This company plans to use multiple AI-based biological aging clocks to test a variety of longevity interventions.

Elevant’s Leaders Introduce Elevant Prime: Elevant launched its first product, Prime, in January 2021. Prime is a daily NMN supplement featuring a unique form of cGMP-manufactured NMN called NMN-C.

Oisin LogoOisín Announces $5 Million in New Seed Funding: Oisín Biotechnologies, a well-known developer of senolytics, drugs that destroy harmful senescent cells, has announced that it has more than doubled its total funding through an oversubscribed round.

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