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Telomere-associated protein TIN2 is essential for early embryonic development through a telomerase-independent pathway.

Telomere-associated protein TIN2 is essential for early embryonic development through a telomerase-independent pathway.

TIN2 is a negative regulator of telomere elongation that interacts with telomeric DNA repeat binding factor 1 (TRF1) and affects telomere length by a telomerasedependent mechanism. Here we show that inactivation of the mouse TRF1interacting protein 2 (TIN2) gene results in early embryonic lethality. We further observed that the embryonic lethality of TIN2 mutant mice was not affected by inactivation of the telomerase reverse transcriptase gene, indicating that embryonic lethality is not the result of telomerasedependent changes in telomere length or function. Our findings suggest that TIN2 has a role independent of telomere length regulation that is essential for embryonic development and cell viability.

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